Reflecting the often-complex care of children with hepatobiliary disorders, our group works collaboratively with other pediatric specialists throughout MassGeneral Hospital for Children, including:. Hepatologists specializing in transplant medicine provide state-of-the-art care for patients before and after transplant as an integral part of the Liver Transplant Program. MassGeneral Hospital for Children has been designated as a National Pancreas Foundation Center for the treatment and care of children with pancreatitis. This designation recognizes our physicians' expertise and the center's team approach to the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatitis and related conditions.
Alcohol-induced liver disease, as the name implies, is caused by excessive consumption of alcohol and is a common, but preventable, disease. Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver, resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Alcoholic hepatitis is a complex problem and is a precursor to chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. In autoimmune hepatitis, the body's own immune system destroys liver cells. Biliary cirrhosis is a rare form of liver cirrhosis, caused by disease or defects of the bile ducts. Cholangitis is an inflammation of the bile duct system that is usually related to a bacterial infection.
The bile duct system is the drainage system that carries bile from the liver and gallbladder into the area of the small intestine called the duodenum. The infection may occur suddenly or may be chronic. Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder wall and nearby abdominal lining. Cholecystitis is usually caused by a gallstone in the cystic duct, the duct that connects the gallbladder to the hepatic duct.
Chronic liver disease is marked by the gradual destruction of liver tissue over time. Several liver diseases fall under this category, including cirrhosis of the liver and fibrosis of the liver. Congenital liver defects are rare liver diseases present at birth such as biliary atresia, when the bile ducts are absent or have developed abnormally, and choledochal cyst, a malformation of the hepatic duct that can obstruct flow of bile in infants.
Biliary Atresia Symptoms in Children
Cystic fibrosis CF is an inherited chronic disease that affects the lungs and digestive system. CF causes the body to produce thick, sticky mucus that leads to progressive lung infection and difficulty gaining weight. Drug-induced hepatitis is rare and is caused by toxic exposure to certain medications, vitamins, herbal remedies, or food supplements. Hepatitis A is a highly contagious and sometimes serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis B is a blood-borne microorganism transmitted by exposure to the hepatitis B virus through infectious body fluids.
Cholangitis is a redness and swelling inflammation of the bile duct system. In most cases cholangitis is caused by a bacterial infection. The infection often happens suddenly.
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But in some cases it may be long-term chronic. Cholecystitis is a redness and swelling inflammation of the gallbladder. It happens when a digestive juice called bile gets trapped in your gallbladder. Cirrhosis is when scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue.
Biliary Atresia Symptoms & Treatment | Children's Pittsburgh
This stops the liver from working normally. Cirrhosis is a long-term chronic liver disease. The damage to your liver builds up over time.
Detailed information on liver diseases, including the most common characteristics of liver disease, such as jaundice, cholestasis, liver enlargement, portal hypertension, esophageal varices, ascites, liver encephalopathy, and liver failure. Congenital liver defects are liver disorders that are present at birth. They are rare.
These liver disorders usually block the bile ducts. This affects the flow of bile. Detailed information on the most common diagnostic procedures for liver, biliary, and pancreatic disorders. Detailed information on disorders of the liver, including alcohol-induced liver disease, chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, congenital defects, hepatitis, liver tumors, and liver transplantation. Drug-induced hepatitis is a redness and swelling inflammation of the liver that is caused by a harmful toxic amount of certain medicines.
Hepatitis is a redness and swelling inflammation of the liver. It sometimes causes permanent liver damage. Hepatitis C is a liver disease that is caused by the hepatitis C virus. Detailed information on the different types of hepatitis, including viral hepatitis, hepatitis a, hepatitis b, and hepatitis c. Detailed anatomical description of human liver, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations. Detailed information on liver transplantation, including donor lists, organ rejection, details of the procedure, and long-term outlook following a liver transplant.
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List of online resources to find additional information on liver, biliary, and pancreatic disorders. Detailed information on autoimmune and metabolic liver disorders, including hemochromatosis iron overload disease and Wilson disease. Pancreatitis is the redness and swelling inflammation of the pancreas. This happens when digestive juices or enzymes attack the pancreas.
Detailed anatomical description of human pancreas, including simple definitions and labeled, full-color illustrations.
Detailed information on the most common liver function tests, including serum bilirubin test, serum albumin test, serum alkaline phosphatase test, serum aminotransferases, prothrombin time test, alanine transaminase test, aspartate transaminase test, gamm. Detailed information on pancreas disorders, including pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. Learn the basics of pancreatic cancer, including the types of cancer in the pancreas. Gallstones are lumps of solid material that form in your gallbladder.
They are made when the digestive juice called bile gets hard and stone-like.
Diseases of the Liver and Biliary System in Children
Gallstones can be as small as a grain of sand or as big as a golf ball. Your gallbladder may form 1 large stone, hundreds of tiny stones, or both sizes at the same time. Detailed information on the different types of hepatitis, including viral hepatitis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
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- LIVER STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION?
Acute liver failure is when your liver suddenly begins to lose its ability to function. This often happens right after an overdose of medication or poisoning. Pancreas transplantation is a type of surgery in which you receive a healthy donor pancreas. It is a choice for some people with type 1 diabetes. Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas.
The term annular pancreas means that a ring of excess pancreatic tissue encases the first part of your small intestine.
Your pancreas can still function with this irregularity, but the excess tissue can cause a number of symptoms. It can also disrupt your digestive process and other bodily functions.
Diseases of the Liver and Biliary System in Children, 4th Edition
Pancreatitis is an inflamed, swollen and irritated. If you don't recover from an acute pancreatitis attack, the inflammation gets gradually worse, you have chronic pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is a disease that causes inflammation and pain in your pancreas, the small organ that produces fluids and enzymes to break down food. This is part of the digestive process. Fatty liver disease means that you have fat deposits inside your liver. These deposits may keep your liver from doing a good job of removing toxins from your blood.
Portal hypertension is high blood pressure of the portal vein, which is in your abdomen. It collects nutrient-rich blood from your intestines and carries it to the liver for cleaning.
Related Diseases of the Liver and Biliary System in Children
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